Royal Destinations - Ethiopia

Queen Máxima of The Netherlands will visit from
December 9th. till December 13th. 2013 Ethiopia and Tanzania
as special advocate of the United Nations.


She will be accompanied by members of the UN Food and Agriculture organization
(FAO); the International Fund for Agricultural Development
(IFAD) and the World Food Programme (WFP).


Ethiopia on the Map - Source: Wikipedia

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is a country with a huge Royal History.

It is located in the Horn of Africa and bordered by:
- Eritrea (north);
- Djibouti and Somalia (East);
- Sudan and South Sudan (West);
- Kenya (South).

The largest city and capital is Addis Ababa.


Addis Ababa seen from a Hotel
 Source picture: Wikipedia

Some History ...

Ethiopia is considered as one of the oldest locations of human life known to
scientists. It is the region from which Homo sapiens first set out for the
Middle East and points beyond.

For most of its History, Ethiopia was a monarchy and not just a little one!
Alongside Rome, Persia, China and India, the Kingdom of Aksum was
one of the great world powers of the third century.

In the 19th. century, Ethiopia was the only African country to defeat a
European Colonial Power.

On November 2nd. 1930, Haile Selassie was crowned Emperor of Ethiopia.


Haile Selassie
Source picture: Wikipedia


He used some extraordinary names:

- King of Kings;
- Lord of Lords;
- Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah;
- Elect of God etc ...

In 1935, Haile Selassie was 'Man of the Year' in Time magazine.

In 1963, he played a leading role in the formation of the
Organisation of African Unity (OAU).

In 1974, the opinion in Ethiopia turned against him.
Ethiopian people found Haile Selassie responsible for the worldwide oil crisis
in 1973. This caused high gasoline prices.

On September 12th. 1974, Haile Selassie's reign came to an end.
A Soviet-backed  Marxist-Leninist military Junta, the 'Derg' deposed him.

Ethiopia became a Republic.


The current flag of Ethiopia
Source picture: Wikipedia

In 1998, a border dispute with Eritrea led to the Eritrean-Ethiopian War.
This ended in june 2000. This caused a huge loss. It hurted Ethiopia's
economy.

In 2011, Ethiopia suffered from the worst drought East Africa had seen since
60 years.

In 2012, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi died in Brussels (capital of Belgium).
There he was being treated for an unspecified illness. Deputy Prime Minister
Hailemariam Desalegn was appointed as new Prime Minister. He will remain
in this position until the new elections in 2015.
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