Royal Families in the world

AFRICA



REIGNING ROYAL FAMILIES


Lesotho








King Letsie III


Royal House of Moshesh



Morocco









King Mohammed VI





He is the head of the Alaouite or Alawite dynasty

Former dynasties in Morocco:
The establishment of the Moroccan state in 789.
Since 1957 the title King is used.

Idrisid dynasty (788-974)
This dynasty was named after its founder: Idriss I.
He was the great grandchild of Hasan ibn Ali.

Almoravid dynasty (1040 - 1147)
The Almoravid capital was Marrakesh a city they founded
in 1062.

Almohad dynasty (1121 - 1279)





This was a Moroccan Berber movement founded in the 12th century.
In 1957 Morocco became a constitutional monarchy. 


Marinid dynasty (1244-1465)




In 1244, the Marinids overthrew the Almohad dynasty, which controlled
Morocco then. 

Idrisid interlude (1465-1471)

Wattasid dynasty (1472 - 1554)
These nation were Zenata Berber descendants. The Marinids recruited 
many viziers from the Wattasids. 

Abu Abd Allah al-Sheikh Muhammad ibn Yaha was the first Wattasid
sultan of Morocco and King of Fez. 

Saadi dynasty (1549 - 1659)
Their reign over Morocco started with Mohammed ash-Sheikh as their
first Sultan. 

He conquered Marrakech in 1524. He also fought against the Portuguese
and Wattasids and even against the Ottomans. 

Dila'i interlude (1659 - 1663)

Alaouite dynasty (1666 - till today)
The Alaouite dynasty is the current Moroccan Royal Family. 

Swaziland










King Mswati III


House of Dlamini 





NON-REIGNING ROYAL FAMILIES IN AFRICA

Algeria
Algeria has known many empires and dynasties in the past. 
They were:

Numidians, Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, 
Vandals, Byzantines, Umayyads,
Abbasids, Idrisid, Aq hlabid, Rustamid, 
Fatimids, Zird, Hammadids, Almoravids,
Almohads, Spaniards, Ottomans and a French colonial Empire.... 
Berbers are the native people of Algeria

Angola
Since 1575 Angola was a colony from Portugal. 
The country became independent on 11 November 1975.

Benin

Kingdom of Dahomey (1600 - 1900)















A colony from France (1892 - 1960)
In 1892, France took over the power. They became independent in 1960.

Botswana

Bechuanaland Protectorate (1885 - 1966)

Independent from the United Kingdom
On 30 September 1966 Botswana became independent 
from the United Kingdom.


Burkina Faso
During the Middle Ages the Mossi established several Kingdoms inter alia:
Tenkodogo, Yatenga, Zandoma and Ouagadougou. 
Ouagadougou is nowadays still the capital of Burkina Faso. 

Wogodogo Monarchy

Independent from France
On 5 August 1960 Burkina Faso became independent from France. 
They were a colony from France since 1890.

Burundi
For more than 200 years Burundi was an independent Kingdom. 
The King was known as the mwami (ruler) King Ntare V was the
 last King of Burundi. He was King from July 1966 till November 1966. 
He was a member of the noble House of Ntwero. 

Burundi first was a colony from Germany but after World War I 
it became a colony from Belgium. 

Cape Verde
On 5 July 1975, Cape Verde became independent from Portugal. 


Cameroon

Adamawa Emirate (1809 - 1903)

German Colony: 1884, known as Kamerun. After World War I 

the country was divided between France and England. 

Independent: 1 January 1960



Central African Republic

After World War I, France annexed the country. 
It became independent on 13 August 1960.

Sultanate of Bagirmi (1522-1897)

Wadai Empire (1635 - 1912)















Chad

Kanem Empire (700 -1387)

Congo

























The Kongo was a state located primarily in the southwest portion of the
modern Congo, and also occupying portions of modern Angola and
Cabinda.

At its greatest, the Kingdom of Kongo reached from the Atlantic Ocean
in the west to the Kwango River in the east and from the Point Noire in 
the north to the Loje River in the south.

This kingdom was led by a king known as 'Manikongo'. He exercised his
authority over the 6 provinces that formed the Kongo kingdom and the
'Bakongo', the Kongo peoples.

The king was elected by a group of governors, who were usually the heads
of important families. The villages were often governed by lesser relatives
of the King who were responsible to him. The capital of the Kongo Kingdom
was Mbanza-Kongo, this city is now known by the same name as the capital
of an Angolan province.  

Luba Kingdom (1585 - 1889)
The Luba Kingdom was founded by King Kongolo around 1585. 

Lunda Kingdom (1665 - 1887)
Mwaant Yav also called Mwata Yamvo formed the central 
Lunda Kingdom and he became its ruler from 1660 till 1665. 
His title and name was passed to his descendants and successors 
as rulers of the kingdom. 

The Lunda kings became powerful and they married with descendants of 
the Luba kings. 

Their empire was extended through southwest Katanga into Angola
and north western Zambia. 

Yeke Kingdom (1856 - 1891)
The Yeke Kingdom existed from about 1856 till 1891 under one King:
Msiri. 

When King Leopold II of Belgium and the British imperialist Cecil
Rhodes heard that the Yeke Kingdom controlled east-west trade,
they sent competing expeditions to try to obtain a 'treaty' for the 
Kingdom. 

Kuba Kingdom or Kuba Federation
The Kuba federation was a political entity that began to develop out
of a number of decentralized ethnically Bantu states (Luba, Leele and 
Wongo ethnic Groups). The capital was Nsheng, now Mushenge.

Cote d'Ivoire/ Ivory Coast
On 7 August 1960 Ivory Coast became independent from France. Before it has 
some Kingdoms.

Gyaaman
was a medieval Akan people state. 

Kong Empire
was a pre colonial Muslim state from 1710 till 1898.

Djibouti
Djibouti became independent from France on 27 June 1977. 

Sultanate of Ifat (1285 - 1415)

Adal Sultanate (1415 - 1577)

















Egypt

























Muhammed Ali dynasty (1805 - 1952)
Muhammed Ali was an Albanian commander of the Ottoman Army.
He seized power when by the French withdrawal. In 1805 he forced 
the Ottoman Sultan: Mahmud II to recognize him as walid or governor
of Egypt. Muhammad Ali transformed Egypt into a regional power. 

Ancient Egypt

Early Dynastic Period

Old Kingdom

Djoser was the second King of the third Dynasty of the Old Kingdom.
The step pyramid of Djoser was named after him.



















King Sneferu was the founding monarch of the fourth dynasty of the
Old Kingdom. 



Middle Kingdom

New Kingdom around 1550 BCE till 1077 BCE)

Hatshepsut was a female pharaoh from the 18th. dynasty. 
She ruled from 1473 till 1458 BCE. She was regent for her
stepson and finally pharaoh after the death of her husband. 
She cultivated peace instead of war, gave the order for big
building and renovation works. 






















Nefertiti (Queen Consort -  between 1370 and 1330 BCE). 


Tutankhamun (reigned between 1332 -1323 BCE).





















His grave was founded in 1922. This led to a Egyptian mania.
Napoleon Bonaparte started this worldwide fascination for 
Egypt in 1789, when he ordered a first scientific expedition to
this country.  


Cleopatra (who ruled between 51 and 30 BCE). She was the 
last ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt. After her death,
Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire. 

























Middle Ages in Egypt


Islamic Egypt (641-969)

Fatimid Egypt (969 - 1171)

Ayyubid Egypt (1171-1250)

Mamluk Egypt (1250-1517)


Early Modern Egypt



Ottoman Egypt (1517 -1867)

French Occupation (1798 - 1801)

Egypt under Muhammad Ali (1805 - 1882)

Khedivate of Egypt (1867 - 1914)


Modern Egypt

Sultanate of Egypt (1914-1922)



Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Guinea Bissau

Eritrea

D'mt Kingdom (980 BC - 400 BC)

Kingdom of Aksum (100 AD - 940 AD) located in Eritrea, and the
Tigray Kingdom of Ethiopia. 

Ethiopia


Sultanate of Showa (1180-1279)

Mudaito Dynasty
was the ruling Dynasty of the Sultanate of Aussa in Ethiopia

Ajuran Empire (13th. till 17th. century) 

Kingdom of Gomma (early 19th. century till 1886)

Kingdom of Jimma (1830 - 1932)
was one of the Kingdoms in the Gibe region in Ethiopia.

Kingdom of Gumma (1840 - 1902)
was one of the Kingdoms in the Gibe region in Ethiopia, that 
emerged in the 18th. century.

Ghana
Independent from the United Kingdom on 6 March 1957.

Ashanti (1900-present)

Kenya
Independent from the United Kingdom on 12 December 1963.

Liberia

Mali Empire (1235 - 1670)

















Songhai Empire (1464 - 1598)

Libya


Karamanli dynasty (1711 - 1835)
This dynasty was founded by Ahmed Karamanli. 

Hafsid dynasty (1229 -1574)
ruled over western Libya, Tunisia and Algeria

Rustamid dynasty (767 - 909)
Their realm extended till central Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Mauritania. 

Madagascar

Merina Kingdom (1540 - 1897)

Malawi
became independent from the United Kingdom on 6 July 1964. 

Mali

Songhai Empire (1464 - 1598)

Mali Empire (1235 - 1670)

Bamana Empire (1712-1861)

Mauritania
independent from France on 28 November 1960

Mauritius
independent from the United Kingdom on 12 March 1968. 
Mauritius was called after Maurice, Prince of Orange by a Dutch Admiral. 

Mozambique
Independent from Portugal on 25 June 1975. 

Namibia
Independent from South Africa on 9 February 1990. 

Niger

Bornu Empire


Nigeria
became independent from the United Kingdom in 1960

Rwanda
























The Kingdom of Rwanda was one of the oldest and most centralized
Kingdoms in the history of Central-East Africa.

The last monarch was Kigeli V Ndahindurwa. He was born on
June 29th. 1936 and died on October 16th. 2016. He reigned from 
July 28th. 1959 till January 28th. 1961.

Sao Tome and Principe
Independent from Portugal on 12 July 1975.

Senegal



























Independent from France on 4 April 1960.

Dynasties:

Takrur

Namandiru

Jolof Empire

Ghana Empire


Seychelles

Sierra Leone

Mali Empire (1235 - 1670)















Somalia


Walashma Dynasty (13th - 16th century)
ruled parts of Somalia and Ethiopia

Sultanate of Hobyo (19th century - 1925)
This was a Somali Kingdom, which ruled of parts of Ethiopia 
and central Somalia.

Majeerteen Sultanate (mid 18th - early 20th. century)
Majeerteen is a Somali clan, who ruled over northern and central Somalia. 

South Africa

Zulu Kingdom



























South Africa became independent from the United Kingdom on
31 May 1910


Union of South Africa (1910-1961)
This union was ended by referendum. 

Sri Lanka

Sudan and South Sudan














Tanzania














Independence from the United Kingdom on 9 December 1961.

Togo

Independence from France on 27 April 1960.













Tunisia






















Husainid Dynasty (1705-1957)
Originally they were of Cretan Turkish origin. Their first ruler
was: al-Husayin I Ibn Ali. He came to power in 1705 replacing 
the Muradid Dynasty. 

On 25 July 1957, the Tunisian Republic was declared and the
ruling royal family was deposed. Current head of the dynasty is 
Prince Muhammad al-Habib Bey.

Uganda

Independent from the United Kingdom on 9 October 1962.

Busoga

Buganda 

Bunyoro

Ankole

Zambia




















Zanzibar
Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous region in Tanzania in East-Africa.

The Sultans of Zanzibar were a cadet branch of the al-Said dynasty of Oman. 


Zimbabwe
Independence from the United Kingdom on 11 November 1965
(recognized in 1980).




AMERICA

Antigua and Barbuda
The current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.

Araucania and Patagonia

The Kingdom of Araucania and Patagonia was founded on
17 November 1860 and lasted till 5 January 1862.
It was founded by a French lawyer and adventurer:
Orélie-Antoine de Tounens.  The 'Kingdom' comprised the present day 
Argentina and the part of Patagonia and a small segment of Chile. 
In 1862, Orélie-Antoine de Tounens was captured and
imprisoned in an insane asylum in Chile. 
















Aztec Empire

Bahamas
The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.

Barbados (1966-present)
The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.

Belize
The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.

Brazil

Kingdom of Brazil (1815-1822)
The Kingdom of Brazil was founded by Prince Regent John of Portugal,
in name of his mother, Queen Maria I of Portugal on 16 December 1815.
On 12 December 1822, Prince Pedro (son of John of Portugal) proclaimed
the independence of Brazil. He founded the Empire of Brazil. 


Empire of Brazil (1822-1889)












Canada
Canada has a president but the monarch is Queen Elizabeth II of 
The United Kingdom. 

French Guiana
Was a part of the Portuguese Empire but according to the Treaty
of Paris it became a French overseas department.

Grenada
The current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.

Haiti





















The Northern Kingdom of Haiti was established by Henri Christophe
on 28 March 1811. He proclaimed himself: King Henry I.  He committed
suicide on 8 October 1920. 

10 Days later his son and heir, Prince Royal of Haiti was assassinated by
the revolutionaries.


Hawaii

The Kingdom of Hawaii (1840-1894)











flag of Hawaii used between 1816 - 1845


House of Kamehameha

House of Kalakaua

Jamaica (1962-present)
The current monarch of Jamaica is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.

Mexico
In 1860 Mexico was occupied by France. They established the
second Mexican Empire under the rule of Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian 
of Austria. He reigned as Maximilian I of Mexico. He was executed
on 19 June 1867.  

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (1969-present)
The current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.

Saint Lucia
The current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.

Saint Kits and Nevis
The current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.

Suriname
Independent from the Kingdom of the Netherlands on 
25 November 1975.

Tobago
Tobago became independent from the United Kingdom in 1962.
It became a republic in 1976.

Trinidad
Trinidad became independent from the United Kingdom in 1962.


ASIA



Afghanistan

















The Barakzai dynasty ruled over Afghanistan for many years.
Their dynasty was founded in 1826.
Their reign ended in 1973. 


Armenia

Arsacid dynasty of Armenia ruled the Kingdom of Armenia between 54
and 428.















Due to its strategic location, Armenia was throughout it's history invaded
by many foreign people. Inter alia by: Greeks, Romans, Byzantine Empire
Arabs, Ottoman Empire and the Russians.

Azerbaijan














was ruled by many local dynasties inter alia:

Sallarid dynasty

Sajid dynasty

Rawadid dynasty

Buyid dynasty

Bangladesh
Independence from Pakistan on 26 March 1971.
In the past, Bangladesh had a lot of local Kingdoms inter alia:

Pala Empire ( 8th. century till the 12th. century)

Deva Dynasty (12th. century till the 13th. century)

Nowadays Bangladesh still has traditional rules called Raja.

Bandarban District
Bandarban is the home town of the Bohmong chief.

Chakma Circle
Current head is Raja Debashish. 

Mong chief
The current head of the Mong is Raja Saching Prue from the
noble family of Chowdhury. 

Bhutan
has a royal family!
















King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Queen Consort Jetsun Pema

Borneo

Sultanate of Sulu (1412-1898)

Brunei
has a royal family !













Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'Izzaddin Waddaulah




On 5 October 2017, Hassanal Bolkiah will be 50 years sultan of Brunei.
That day is proclaimed as National Day. 

Crown Prince of Brunei is Al-Muhtadee Billah

Brunei is located on the north coast of Borneo in Southeast Asia. 
The country is surrounded by the Malaysian state of Sarawak. 



Cambodia


















King of Cambodia (since 2004): Norodom Sihamoni. 



Khmer Empire (802 -1431)

Khmer Kingdom (1431-1954)






China
















Xia dynasty (2070 BC - 1600 BC)

Shang dynasty (1600 BC - 1046 BC)

Chou (Zhou) dynasty (1046 BC - 256 BC)

Qin dynasty (221 BC - 206BC)

Han dynasty (206BC - 220 AD)

Six dynasties (220 or 222 till 589)

Sui dynasty (581 - 618)

Tang dynasty (618 - 907)

Five dynasties (10th century)

Song dynasty (960 - 1279)

Yuan dynasty (1271 - 1368)

Ming dynasty (1368 - 1644)

Qing dynasty (1644 1912)
About the Emperor Xianfeng who reigned between 1850 and
1861, check this link


















About Dowager Empress Cixi, who was 'regent' between 1861
and 1908, check this link

In 1912, China became a republic. 




India




The history and culture  of India is rich and beautiful due to the imposing
Imperial dynasties and the splendor of the kingdoms of old civilizations. 

Indus Valley Civilisation (Bronze Age)

origin of the first principalities (1800 - 322 BCE)

Gupta Empire (320 BCE - 510)

Chola Dynasty (300 BCE - 1279)
2 biggest Kings of the Chola Dynasty were:
- Rajaraja I (985 - 1014)
- Rajendra I (1014 - 1044)

Pandyan dynasty (303 BCE - 1650)

Chalukya dynasty (543 - 753)

Rashtrakuta dynasty (753 - 982)

Pala Empire ( 8th. century till the 12th. century)

Western Chalukya Empire (973 - 1182)

Western Ganga dynasty (350-1000)

Hoysala Empire (1026 - 1343)

Eastern Ganga dynasty (1078 -1434)

Kakitiya Dynasty (1163-1323)

Seuna Dynasty (850 - 1334)

Vijanyanagara Empire (1336 - 1646)

Reddy dynasty (1325 - 1448)

Mughal Empire (16th century till 1857)
This was founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim
dynasty. It covered nearly all the Indian subcontinent and even
Afghanistan. 




Shah Janan (who ruled between 1628 and 1658)


Was the fifth Mughal Emperor, best known for his order to build
the Taj Mahal. 


Delhi Sultanate (1206-1526)
This was a Muslim Sultanate based in Delhi. 

Maratha Empire (1674-1818)



Sikh Empire (1799 - 1849)

Kingdom of Travancore (1729 - 1949)
This Kingdom was located on the southern tip of India. It covered nowadays
the State Kerala. Trivia: The King of Travancore offered a throne to 
Queen Victoria of The United Kingdom.





On 26 September 1875, Edward, Prince of Wales and son of 
Queen Victoria set off to India. He visited inter alia Malta and Greece
and later India.

In his letters home he complained of the treatment by the British 
officials. 


India became independent from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1947.
The declaration of a republic took place on 26 January 1950. But India 
still has many traditional rulers who are the Monarch or the
Raja.

Chamba State (550 1948)
This was one of the oldest Princely states in what's 
now the Republic of India.

Nowadays there are still reigning monarchs and traditional rulers inter
alia:

Daher

Gadhvi

Linga

Pimpri

Vasurna

These were all members of the noble house of Rajput. 




From 5 November 2017 till 11 November 2017, King Philippe of the
Belgians and his wife Queen Mathilde will visit India.

Check this link

Indonesia
Royal titles are still widely used with or without formal recognition
from Jakarta. The Sultan of Yogyakarta is listed due to the nature
of his position.

Yogyakarta




Sultan Hamengkubuwono X

Japan

















Emperor Akihito


Unification of Japan (16th. century)


Kazakhstan
was a part of the Russian Empire and later of the Soviet Union.
from 1991 the country became independent. 

Kyrgyzstan
became an independent state in 1991. 

Korean Empire (1897-1910)
















The House of Yi, also called the Yi dynasty ruled over the Korean Empire.
The House of Yi was founded in 1392 by Taejo of Joseon. Before 1392
the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392) ruled over Korea.

Since 1945 Korea was divided into two distinct sovereign states called:
North Korea and South Korea. 




Lao: Royal Family (1904 - 1975)
Kingdom of Laos (1949-1975)


Malaysia



Malaysia has a federal constitutional elective monarchy.
Since 2016 the King is: Muhammad V of Kelantan.

Today in History about Malaysia on this link

9 States of Malaysia are headed by Malay rulers.

7 are hereditary rulers:

Kedah

Kelantan

Johor

Perlis

Pahang

Selangor

Terengganu


1 has a rotation system

Perak
Raja Puan Besar of Perak died.


1 has an elective system

Negeri Sembilan






Maldives
On 15 November 1967 a vote was taken in parliament to decide wether
the Maldives should continue as a constitutional monarch or become a
republic. 40 of the 44 members of parliament voted for a republic. 

On 15 March 1968, a referendum was held. Around 93 % voted for a 
republic. The republic was declared on 11 November 1968, thus ending
the 853-year old monarchy. 



Mongolia

Khamag Mongol (1120's - 1206)

Mongol Empire (1206 - 1368)

Genghis Khan (reign: 1206 - 1227)

was the founder of the  of the Mongol Empire. He launched the Mongol
invasions and conquered much of eurasia. 























Northern Yuan Dynasty (1368 - 1635)





Myanmar


Hanthawaddy Kingdom of Pegu (1287 - 1522)

Pegu Kingdom (1527 -1531)

Taungoo Kingdom (1531-1610)




Nepal
The monarchy in Nepal was founded in 1768 and was abolished
in 2008

On 1 June 2001, Crown Prince Dipendra murdered his father,
his mother and several other members of the Royal Family of
Nepal. Afterwards he shot himself. Dipendra was proclaimed 
King, while he was in coma. He died on 4 June 2001. His uncle
Prince Gyanendra became King till 2008. 



Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Nepal 
Source picture: Wikipedia


Pakistan
In Pakistan, Raja is still used by Muslim Rajput clans as hereditary titles.

Nagar (princely state)
Till 25 September 1974 this was a princely state of the Northern part
 in Pakistan.

Hunza (princely state)
Till 25 September 1974 this was a princely state in Pakistan.

Talpur dynasty (1786 - 1843)

Philippines

Maguindanao Sultanate

Sulu Sultanate

Singapore

Sultanate of Johor

Sri Lanka

Taiwan
Dutch and Spanish colonies were founded in Taiwan before the 17th.
century. Later it was annexed by the Qing Dynasty of China. They 
ceded the country to Japan in 1895. Later the Republic of China took
control again. Later it has his own government. 

Tajikistan

Thailand
















The ruling royal house of Thailand is the Chakri dynasty.
The head is King Vajiralongkorn. 




picture from 2003


Kingdom of Siam (1768-1932)

Important Royal News of 2016
On October 13th. 2016 , the Royal Palace has announced that 
King Bhumibol has died.

He was the world's longest serving head of state and the longest
reigning monarch in Thai history. 


on the picture with president Obama


Turkmenistan


Uzbekistan


Vietnam: Nguyen dynasty














Former Flag used from 17/4/1945 till 30/8/1945


The Nguyen dynasty reigned for 143 years in Vietnam. It began in 1802 and
it ended in 1945.

Ayutthaya Kingdom

EUROPE



REIGNING  ROYAL  FAMILIES


Principality Andorra














Belgium

File:Flag of Belgium.svg




Denmark

File:Flag of Denmark.svg
National Anthem of Denmark 'Der Er Et Yndigt Land'




Liechtenstein

File:Flag of Liechtenstein.svg

https://www.fuerstenhaus.li/en/

Liechtenstein is bordered by Switzerland and Austria. The capital is Vaduz.
Current ruler is Prince Hans-Adam II.
Regent is: Hereditary Prince Alois



Luxembourg

File:Flag of Luxembourg.svg

https://www.monarchie.lu/fr/index.html

National Anthem: 'Ons Heemecht'
Royal Anthem: 'De Wilhelmus' 


Monaco

File:Flag of Monaco.svg

Norway

File:Flag of Norway.svg


National Anthem of Norway 'Ja Vi Elsker Dette Landet'


Spain

File:Flag of Spain.svg


National Anthem of Spain: 'La Marcha Real'. Before its unification, Spain
had many Kingdoms.

Kingdom of Asturias (718 - 924)

Kingdom of Navarre (824 -1512)

Murcia (825-1243)

Kingdom of Léon (913 till the 13th. century)

Kingdom of Aragon (925-1162)

Crown of Aragon (1162 - 1910)

Crown of Castile (1230 -1479)

Al-Andalus (711-1492)




Sweden

File:Flag of Sweden.svg



The Netherlands

File:Flag of the Netherlands.svg

https://www.koninklijkhuis.nl/

You'll find more about the Royal History of the Netherlands at this page 
on my blog:
https://allaboutroyalfamilies.blogspot.com/p/the-netherlands.html





United Kingdom












Kingdom of Scotland

Kingdom of England

Kingdom of Dublin

Principality of Wales




NON-REIGNING  ROYAL  FAMILIES

Albania

File:Flag of Albania.svg

House of Zogu




Austria (See House of Habsburg)


File:Flag of Austria.svg






Bohemia 
























Kingdom of Bohemia
was dissolved after World War I.



Bulgaria

File:Flag of Bulgaria.svg



















coat of arms of Bulgaria of 1946

Last King (Tsar): Simeon II. The monarchy was ended by a referendum. 


Cyprus
The Kingdom of Cyprus was a crusader Kingdom between 1192 and 1489. 
It was ruled by the French house of Lusignan.


France


File:Flag of France.svg




You'll find more information about the Royal History of France 
on this page of my blog:

1/ Kingdom of France

2/ Empire of France



Germany


File:Flag of Germany.svg


You'll find more information about the Royal Families in Germany
on this page of my blog:



Georgia

File:Flag of Georgia.svg






Greece


File:Flag of Greece.svg



Stamps of the Royal Family of Greece














Holy Roman Empire















On 25 December 800, Charlemagne was crowned in the
Old St. Peter's Basilica in Rome as Holy Roman Emperor. 
This was the beginning of the Holy Roman Empire.




















Kingdom of Hungary
Hungary became a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1867




Iceland
















Flag of the Kingdom of Iceland between 1918 and 1944. 


The Kingdom of Iceland was between 1918 and 1944. This
was a personal union with Denmark. 



Italy (1861-1946)


File:Flag of Italy.svg

The Kingdom of Italy ended with a referendum.



ANCIENT  KINGDOMS  IN  ITALY



Etruscan civilization (768 BCE - 264 BCE)

The Etruscan civilization started around the 8th. century BCE
in Central Italy. They had no own alphabet so they continued to
use Greek. They also copied lots of Greek art styles and techniques. 

Augustus (who reigned from 27 BCE till 14 AD)

was the founder and the first Emperor of the Roman Empire. His 
maternal Great-uncle was Julius Caesar (assassinated in 44 BCE).





















Augustus - picture: Wikipedia


Constantine the Great





















Constantine was the first Roman Emperor who converted  to
the Christianity (313). He built a new imperial residence in 
Byzantium and renamed the city to Constantinople. 

In 476, the Roman Empire fell into decline. 


Kingdom of Sicily (end 1816)

Kingdom of Naples (end 1816)

Kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica

Kingdom of Sardinia

Kingdom of the Two Sicilies

Italian Unification




Lithuania
Lithuania was a Kingdom between 1251 and 1263. 



Macedonia (ancient kingdom) 808 - 168 BCE
Macedonia (ancient kingdom) 150 - 148 BCE

Alexander the Great (356 BCE - 323 BCE)








Alexander the Great was born in Macedonia, however he learned to 
think and act as a Greek due to its education, which was given by
Aristotle (384 - 322 BCE). In 331 BCE Alexander the Great succeeded
his father as a King. In the next years he conquered big parts of the
world. 

When Alexander the Great conquered a new region he always tried
to fit the local culture into the Greek model. After his death his empire
was divided in three parts. 


Montenegro













Royal family of Montenegro around 1916



Poland

















Portugal
File:Flag of Portugal.svg

The Kingdom of Portugal was founded in 1139 and lasted till 1910.

Romania

File:Flag of Romania.svg



Did you know that the former Romanian Royal Family had a lot 
of links to other European Families?


Russia

File:Flag of Russia.svg


Russia has an important royal history too with links to all European Royal 
Families. They ruled from 1613 till the Russian Revolution in 1917

You'll find more about Russia on the pages:

https://allaboutroyalfamilies.blogspot.com/p/russia-house-of-romanov-1600-1762.html
https://allaboutroyalfamilies.blogspot.com/p/russia-house-of-romanov-1762-till-1917.html
https://allaboutroyalfamilies.blogspot.com/p/russia-house-of-romanov-1917-now.html



Serbia


File:Flag of Serbia.svg



Vojislavljevic dynasty
This dynasty ruled in the 11th. century over Serbia.

Vukanovic dynasty
This dynasty ruled from the 11th. century till mid 13th. century
over Serbia. 

Serbian Empire (1345-1371)

Nemanjic dynasty
This dynasty ruled from 1166 till 1371 over Serbia. 

Obrenovic dynasty
This dynasty ruled from 1815 till 1842 and again from 1858 till 1903
over Serbia. They came to power by an uprising against the Ottoman
Empire in 1815. 






















Milan I of Serbia from the Obrenovic dynasty,
more on this link




Vatican City / Papal State


Yugoslavia





















To know more about King Peter II of Yugoslavia, check this link
The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was formed in 1929. It lasted till 1941.
The state was transformed into a Communist State in 1945.

Kingdom of Croatia (925-1102)

Kingdom of Bosnia (1377-1463)




MIDDLE EAST



REIGNING ROYAL FAMILIES




Abu Dhabi: House of Al Nahyan










Sheikh: Khalifa bin Zayed-Al Nahyan
















Crown Prince: Mohammed bin Zayed

Tourism
In November 2017 the Louvre will open its doors in Abu Dhabi.
More information about this project on this brand new link.  




Ajman: House of Al Nuaimi














Sheikh: Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi



Bahrain: House of Khalifa












King: Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
















King of Bahrain & president Bush in 2004

Crown Prince: Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa

Former dynasties in Bahrain:

Qarmatians (900 1073)

Usfurids (1253 - 1320)

Jarwanid dynasty (1305 - 1487)




Dubai: House of Al Maktoum















Emir: Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum

The Emir of Dubai has many children from different wives.

One of his daughters is Princess Latifa. She is missing from
4 March 2018. 



Fujairah: House of Al Sharqi










Emir: Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi



Jordan: House of Hashim









King: Abdullah II of Jordan 

















Full name: Abdullah bin Hussein bin Talal bin Abdullah bin Hussein bin Ali 

Noble family: 
House of Hashim also known as the House of the Hashemites

More about the former King of Jordan: King Hussein, check
this link




Kuwait: House of Al-Sabah










Emir: Sabah Ahmad Al-Ahmad Al-Jabar Al-Sabah






Oman: House of Al Said












Sultan: Qaboos bin Said Al Said






Qatar: House of Thani










Emir: Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
He became Emir of Qatar on 25 June 2013.


Source picture: Wikipedia



Ras al-Khaimah: House of Al Qasimi

Saud bin Saqr al Qasimi



Saudi Arabia: House of Saud












King: Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

On 23 September 1932 the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was founded.
More information about its history on this link


King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud with 
president Donald J. Trump of the United States of America
Source picture: Wikipedia

On 21 June 2017 King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud issued a decree making
his son Mohammed bin Salman heir to the throne. 



John Kerry met Prince Mohammed bin Salman
in 2015 - Source picture: Wikipedia


In September 2017, King Salman ordered that women were allowed to
obtain their drivers licenses. More on this link



Sharjah











Sultan: Sultan III bin Muhammed Al Qasimi




Umm al-Quwain: House of Al Mu'alla















Emir: Saud bin Rachid Al Mu'alla



NON-REIGNING  ROYAL  FAMILIES

Anatolia

Danishmends Dynasty (1071-1178)
This was a Turkish dynasty that ruled in north-central and eastern
Anatolia. 

This dynasty was founded by Danishmend Gazi. From 1134, the 
leaders held the title Melik (King). 


Mengujekids Dynasty (1071 -1277)
The founder was Mengujek Ghazi. He was probably one of the 
commanders sent by the Great Seljuk Sultan Alp Arslan to
occupy parts of Anatolia after the victory at Manzikert over
the Byzantine Empire. 


Saltukids Dynasty (1072 - 1202)
The Saltukids or Saltuqids were a dynasty of the Anatolian
beyliks founded after the Battle of Manzikert (1071).

The beylik was founded by Emir Saltuk, one of the Turkmen
commanders of the Great Seljuk Alp Arslan. 
The beylik fought regularly against the Georgian Kingdom
for hegemony of Kars region. 


Artqids Dynasty (1101-1409)
This Turkish dynasty, that ruled in Eastern Anatolia, Northern
Syria and Northern Iraq also was called Artukid. 
Its founder was Zaheer-ul-Daulah Artuk Bey.

Empire of Trebizond (1204-1461)
This Empire was a vassal of the Mongol Empire. It contained
eastern Anatolia an the Crimea. 



Byzantine Empire (330 - 1453)



Constantine was the first Roman Emperor who converted  to
the Christianity. He built a new imperial residence in 
Byzantium and renamed the city to Constantinople (nowadays
Istanbul).


Justinian I (who ruled 482 - 565)
He succeeded the throne in 527, 51 years after the fall of Rome.
He thought his duty was to form a new Roman Empire. He also
imported some civil laws (corpus juris civilis). He was married 
to Theodora. During his rule the Hagia Sophia was built. 




Ottoman Empire (1299 - 1923)




















Kingom of Vidin (1356-1396)







Battle of Chaldiran between the Ottoman Empire & Persia,
more on this link




Iran




















coat of arms of Iran (1925 - 1979)



Pahlavi dynasty (1925 - 1979)










Sultanate of Seljuk (1037-1307)




Syria & Iraq




Yemen


Ottoman rule till 1918

Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen  (1926 - 1970)






















Coat of Arms of Yemen of 1962

Two States of Yemen

Unification



Kingdom of Jerusalem
Was established by Godfrey of Bouillon in 1099 and lasted till 1291.
More about Godfrey of Bouillon on this link 






















Sumer (4500 BCE - 1900 BCE)

One of the most famous cities then was Ur. According to the Bible,
Abraham came from this city. 

Sumer wasn't one complete land. It contained a cluster of city states. 
They were connected to each other by their culture, religion and the 
first written language in the world. 

Each city had his local Goddess who ruled and protected their territory.
Kings who were actually priests, governed the city and they were named
by the gods as "rulers of the people". They arranged everything. 

Famous King: Ur-Nammu who founded the Third Dynasty of Ur. 



Akkadian Empire (2334 BCE - 2154 BCE)

Around 2334 BCE, a mighty King could unite the region. This 
King was Sargon of Akkad. He was known for his conquest of
the Sumer States. 



Babylonia


The most famous King was actually a general called Nabopolassar.
He reigned from 626 till 605 BCE. He was succeeded by his son:
King Nebuchadnezzar, who ruled from 605 BCE till 562 BCE.




Assyria (2500 BCE - 605 BCE)



One of the most famous Kings of the Assyrians is King Ashurnasirpal II.
He reigned between 883 and 859 BCE. 


Persian Empire (550 BCE - mid 7th. century)




The Persian Empire was the first great world Empire in History. A realm,
spread over almost a complete world (which was known during those ages). 
The common world was located around the Mediterranean Sea and 
Mesopotamia. 




OCEANIA

Australia
The monarch of Australia is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.It
is a part of the Commonwealth. 


New Zealand 
The monarch of New Zealand is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.



Papua New Guinea
The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.


Solomon Islands
The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.



Tonga
The first monarch was King George Tupou I. Current ruler of Tonga is King Tupou VI. 




Tuvalu
Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom the monarch. Since 1978 the
country became independent from England. 



Source pictures: Wikipedia (except when the caption is added) 
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