Royal History of France



Royal Standard of the (former) Kingdom of France
Source picture: Wikipedia

Although now France is a Republic, the country has a large Royal History.
It is a lack on this blog, that I've never made a page about that brilliant topic.

I started to learn the French Royal History from the Castles of the Loire
So, I start this page with King Francis I who gave the order to build
Castle Chambord.



picture taken by Isabelle Dumon

Cependant La France est aujourd'hui une république, le pays dispose
d'une grande histoire. Il y a un manque sur ce blog, que je n'ai jamais
fait une page sur ce sujet brillant.

Je sais l'histoire de la France la meilleur des châteaux du Val de Loire.
Donc, je commence cette courte histoire Royale chez François 1re,
qui a donné l'ordre de construire le château du Chambord.

France also known for its style in particular with Furniture.
La France est connu pour son style de meubles.

I'll try to make an overview between the different 'style' periods of France.
Je vais essayer de faire un aperçu des différentes périodes de style de la France.

More about French Tourism (in English):
http://www.travelalltogether.com/category/france/#sthash.HE87XDSD.dpbs



FRANCIS I - FRANCOIS I


File:Joos van Cleve - Portrait of Francis I, King of France (ca. 1532-1533) - Google Art Project.jpg


Married

1/ Claude, Duchess of Brittany





2/ Eleonor of Austria

File:Joos van Cleve 003.jpg

Eleanor of Austria was the daughter of Philip The Handsome and Johanna of Castille

She married first King Miguel I of Portugal. After Eleanor became a wido, she married
with King Francis I of France.

Francis I was a patron of art. He introduced the French Renaissance.

a window - une fenêtre

He invited many Italian artists to his Chambord Castle.
One of the most famous guests was Leonardo Da Vinci.


one of the bedrooms - une des chambres à coucher


François I était le patron d'art. Il a introduit la Renaissance Française.
Il a invité des nombreux artists Italien à Chambord.
L'un des plus célèbres artists était Leonardo Da Vinci.


The stairs - Les escaliers


In 1535 Francis I became the owner of Château de Chenonceau, due to unpaid dept.
But it were King Henry II and his mistress, Diane de Poitiers, who made the castle
famous.

En 1535 François I était le propriétaire du Château de Chenonceau (en raison d'une
dette impayée. Mais c'est le roi Henry II et sa maîtresse, Diane de Poitiers, qui l'a
rendu célèbre.


HENRY II



File:Henry II of France..jpg

Source picture: Wikipedia

Married:

Catharina de Medici

File:KatharinavonMedici.jpg

Source picture: Wikipedia

She was born in Florence (Italy).

Quotes: Not one of us is innocent. We all have sins to confess.




Diane de Poitiers - Source picture: Wikipedia 


Château de Chenonceau

 outside view - vue à l'extérieur






The Garden - Le Jardin



Charles IX



File:CharlesIX.jpg

Source picture: Wikipedia

married

Elisabeth of Austria

File:Elizabeth d Autriche by Francois Clouet 1510 1572.jpg

Source picture: Wikipedia

She was the daughter of Maximilian II of Austria and Maria of Spain
(See on my blog on the page House of Habsburg).



HENRI  III





















Source picture: Wikipedia

He married Louise de Lorraine




















Source picture: Wikipedia

HENRI  IV



 

Source picture: Wikipedia

He married 

1/ Margaret of France

 

Source picture: Wikipedia

2/ Maria de' Medici

 

Source picture: Wikipedia


LOUIS XIII


 

Source picture: Wikipedia

He married Anne of Austria

 

Source picture: Wikipedia


The Style of Louis XIII was influenced by Flemish, Dutch and Italian Baroque.
Le Style de Louis XIII a été influencé par Baroque Flamande, Hollandaise et Italienne.


Château de Cheverny

Château de Cheverny was purchased by Henri Hurault, comte de Cheverny, 
a lieutenant-general and military treasurer of Louis XIII. Henry's descendant,
the Marquis de Vibraye is the current owner. Since 1914 the castle is open for
public.   

Château de Cheverny a été acheté par Henri Hurault, comte de Cheverny,
un trésorier et lieutenant général de Louis XIII. Le descendant d'Henry,
le Marquis de Vibraye est le propriétaire actuel. Depuis 1914 le château
est ouvert pour public.

Château de Cheverny - Some outside views... 
Château de Cheverny - Certaines vues sur l'extérieur






Some inside views - Certaines points de vue à l'intérieur




LOUIS XIV


 

Source picture: Wikipedia

Own picture taken in Hotel Negresco in Nice (France)



He married Maria Theresa of Spain 

 

Source picture: Wikipedia

Under Louis XIV the furniture style became more and more luxurious. 
Sous Louis XIV le style de mobilier est devenu de plus en plus luxueux.

 

Source picture: Wikipedia




Old image of the Palace of Versailles
Source picture: Wikipedia


LOUIS XV


He married Marie Leszczynska (she was the daughter of at that time, king of Poland)

 

Source picture: Wikipedia


Furniture Style - Style de Meubles

The Louis XV style was the French Rococo. 
Le Style de Louis XV était Rococo.


 

Source picture: Wikipedia


LOUIS XVI

 

Source picture: Wikipedia

He married Marie-Antoinette of Austria

 

Source picture: Wikipedia

There is a style of Furniture called Louis XVI.
Typical for that style is the return of Classicism.


More about France, please check next link(s):

The pictures where made by Isabelle Dumon (inside the castles)
or by me in Nice
or found on Wikipedia.

Tous les photos sont fait par Isabelle Dumon
ou par moi (en Nice)
ou trouvé à Wikipedia