History - OnThisDay - July 22nd. 1478 - Philip the Handsome

Philip the Handsome was born on July 22nd. 1478 in Bruges (Belgium).



Family

His parents were Mary, Duchess of Burgundy and Maximilian I,
Holy Roman Emperor.

Philip the Handsome was named after his great-grandfather, through
his mother, Philip the Good.

Love & Marriage

After the death of his mother, Mary, Philip inherited her Burgundian
possessions under the guardianship of his father.

In 1493, Frederick III, Holy Roman Empire died and Philip's father
Maximilian became the new emperor.

In 1494 Maximilian signed the Treaty of Senlis and Philip took over
the rule of the Burgundian lands. However the real power was in the
hands of a council of Burgundian nobles.

On October 20th. 1496, Philip the Handsome married Joanna, a
daughter of King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of
Castile in Lier, Belgium.

Philip's sister Margaret married John, Prince of Asturias (the brother of
Joanna).

Philip the Handsome and Joanna would have 6 children together.


Reign in Spain?

In 1500 the succession of the Castilian and Aragonese crowns was in
troubles. John had died in 1497 and Joanna's elder sister Isabella, wife
of Manuel I of Portugal, died in 1498. Her son Miguel died during the
summer of 1500.

Now Joanna became the heir. However the Cortes of Aragon refused
this, because King Ferdinand could produce another heir. In the
Kingdom of Castile it was clear.

In 1502 Philip and Joanna and a large part of the Burgundian Court
traveled to Spain to persuade the Cortes.

Afterwards they moved back to the Low Countries (first Philip and
then Joanna). In 1504, Queen Isabella of Castile died and Joanna was
heir to the crown of Castile. Philip was summoned to Spain to become
a King.

In 1506, en route to Spain, Philip and Joanna were caught in a storm
and their ship arrived totally lost at the Dorset coast in England. The
couple became 'guests' of King Henry VII of England but in fact they
were hostages. Philip was forced to sign a treaty.

Finally on April 28th. 1506 Philip and Joanna landed at Corunna.
There the two met King Ferdinand of Aragon but it turned out in
a huge quarrel. King Ferdinand of Aragon even accused Philip of
taken captive his wife, Joanna. However they signed a treaty on
June 27th. 1506 and Philip was proclaimed King of Castile.

Death

On September 25th. 1506, Philip died suddenly at Burgos due to
typoid fever. Rumors spoke of poisoning and that is what his wife,
Joanna believed. His wife refused to allow his body to be buried.
Finally Philip I is entombed at the Royal Chapel of Granada in
Spain.

See also the page history of Belgium and the Low Countries before
1830 on top of this blog or on this link


Source picture: Wikipedia

History - OnThisDay - July 18th. 1501 - Isabella of Austria, Queen Consort of Denmark and Norway

Isabella of Austria was born on July 18th. 1501 in Brussels.



Family

Her parents were Philip I of Castile and Joanna of Castile (called
the mad).

Her grandparents were:
Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
Mary, Duchess of Burgundy
King Ferdinand II of Aragon
and Isabella I of Castile

She was the sister of inter alia:
Emperor Charles V
Eleanor, Queen of Charles
Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
Mary, Queen of Hungary
Catherine, Queen of Portugal

In her childhood, Isabella of Austria spent her time with her aunt
Margaret of Austria, who was then the governor of the Habsburg
Netherlands.



Love and Marriage

On August 12th. 1515, Isabella married King Christian II of
Denmark in Copenhagen.

In the first years of their marriage, Isabella had a lot of concurrence
of her husband's mistress.  In 1517 this mistress died and the
marriage improved.

Queen Consort of Denmark and Norway

In 1515, Isabella was crowned as Queen Consort of Denmark and Norway.
There she took the name Elizabeth.

In 1520, King Christian II took the throne of Sweden

In 1521, King Christian II was disposed as King of Sweden

In 1523, due to familial problems, King Christian II and Isabella were
disposed as King and Queen Consort of Denmark and Norway.





Exile

In 1523 Isabella and her husband left Denmark. The family traveled to
Germany to gain support for Christian's case. They visited Saxony and
Berlin. Later the couple and their children moved to the Netherlands

Death

In 1525, Isabella became seriously ill. She died on January 19th. 1526
at the castle of Zwijnaarde (near Ghent). She only was 24 years old.



Source pictures: Wikipedia

History - OnThisDay - July 15th. 1737 - Princess Louise of France

Princess Louise of France was born on July 15th. 1737 at the Royal Palace of
Versailles.




Family

Her parents were King Louis XV of France and Maria Leszczynska (daughter
of King Stanislaw I of Poland).

Life

When none of King Louis' plans of a marriage for Princess Louise, came to
something, she sought consolation in her religion.

In 1770, Princess Louise asked her father to become a Carmelite nun and she
joined the convent at Saint-Denis. On October 1st. 1771 Princess Louise gave
her vows and she was fully accepted in the order. On November 25th. 1773,
Princess Louise became a prioress of the convent.

In the order, Princess Louise took the name of Thérèse of Saint Augustine.
On May 26th. 1774, two weeks after the death of her father, Princess Louise
was visited by her nephew King Louis XVI.



Death

Princess Louise died on December 23rd. 1787 at the age of 50.




Source pictures: Wikipedia