Today in History - October 24th. 1739 - Duchess Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

On October 24th. 1739 Anna Amalia was born in Wolfenbüttel (located in
Lower Saxony in Germany) as the ninth child of Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-
Wolfenbüttel and Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia.

Duchess Anna Amalia - Source picture: Wikipedia

Her maternal grandparents were King Frederick William I of Prussia and
Princess Sophia Dorothea of Hanover.

On March 16th. 1756 Anna Amalia married Ernst August II Konstantin,
Duke of Saxe-Weimar Eisenach. The couple had children and their eldest
son Charles Augustus became the new duke, but he wasn't eighteen at the
moment of his father's death. 

So Anna Amalia became regent which she did with notable prudence. 
She wanted to improve the position of her son. In 1775, with her son's maturity,
she retired.

Anna Amalia could transform the court and its surrounding into the most
influential cultural center of Germany. As a patron of art and literature she
drew many of the most eminent men in Germany to Weimar inter alia
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Schiller and Abel Seyler's theater
company. She also established the Duchess Anna Amalia Library, which is
now home to some 1,000,000 volumes. That would be very impressive.

Duchess Anna Amalia was a notable composer too. She made an opera 
called Erwin & Elmire based on a text by Goethe.

This remarkable lady died on April 10th. 1807.

The duchess was honoured in Goethe's Work under the title
Zum Andenken der Fürstin Anna-Amalia
(to remember Duchess Anna-Amalia).

Source piture: Wikipedia



Today in History - October 23rd. 1636 - Hedvig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp - Queen Consort of Sweden

Hedvig Eleonora was born on October 23rd. 1636 as sixth of sixteen children
of Duke Frederick III of Holstein-Gottorp and Marie Elisabeth of Saxony.

Hedvig Eleonora - Source picture: Wikipedia

One day after her eighteenth birthday she married King Charles X of Sweden on
October 24th. 1654.

This wedding was arranged for political reasons. The marriage was an alliance 
between Sweden and Holstein-Gottorp against their mutual enemy Denmark.

Charles X chose Hedwig Eleonora because of her beauty after he saw her portrait.

The couple had one child, who became later Charles XI of Sweden.

On February 13th. 1660 Charles X died and Hedvig Eleonora became regent
because her son still was a child. But tragedy continued ...

On April 5th. 1697 Hedvig Eleonora's son Charles XI died and she became
regent for her grandson Charles XII, this time for one year.

Hedvig Eleonora was very interested in culture and sciences. She has been
described as firm and dominant but the Queen consort was popular at court
for her humour and because of her fondness of parties. She was regarded as
strict but fair by her employees.

Besides culture and sciences Hedvig Eleonora was interested in architecture
and painting as well as playing cards. Her appetite for gambling was great and
she would have played cards till late into the night.

She sponsored artists and many palaces, among them the Drottningholm Palace,
are the result of Hedwig Eleonora's love for architecture.

Hedvig Eleonora died on November 24th. 1715. With her death a strong woman
was lost at the Swedish Court.

Today in History - October 22nd. 1858 - Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, last German Empress

Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein was born on October 22nd. 1858
at the Dolzig Palace.

Princess Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein - 
Source picture: Wikipedia

Princess Augusta Victoria was the daughter of Frederick VIII, Duke of 
Schleswig-Holstein and Princess Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg.

She married on February 27th. 1881, Prince Wilhelm of Prussia.
They had 7 children.

In 1888 Princess Augusta Victoria became the last German Empress.
In 1918 her husband was forced to abdicate. She went in excile to
Huis (House) Doorn in The Netherlands. 

There Princess Augusta Victoria died on April 11th. 1921.
She was buried at the Antique Temple in Sanssouci Park in Potsdam
(near Berlin). Over 200 000 Germans demonstrated their last respects. 

Treetuesday picture - Blausee in Switzerland

My tree tuesday picture of this week was taken in 2010 near the Blausee (Blue Lake)
in Switzerland.

own picture - Blausee

Although the Blausee has its own history i liked the legend very much.

Once upon a time there was a maid who lived close by the lake. She fell in love
with a shepherd. The two shared romantic moments near the lake under the 
moonlight...

Unfortunately the shepherd fell of a cliff and died. The maid took a boat and
rowed to the middle of the lake to mourn her loss. One morning, her parents
saw that the boat of their daughter had sunk with the maid on the bottom of 
the lake.

Since then the lake changed its colour into a deep blue shade, the same colour
of the eyes of the maid. 

I really hope you enjoyed the pictures and the short story. The Blausee really is
a hidden gem near Kandersteg in the Berner Oberland Region in Switzerland.

Of course, I'd like to wish you all a very good Tuesday!


own picture

Today in History - October 21st. 1898 - Birth of Prince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta

October 21st. 1898 marks the birth of Prince
Amedeo Umberto Isabella Luigi Filippo Maria Giuseppe di Savoia-Aosta.
He was born in Turin (northern Italy).



Prince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta - Source picture: Wikipedia

His parents were Prince Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd. Duke of Aosta, and
Princess Hélène of Orléans.
His grandfather was King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy.

Prince Amedeo received his education in Oxford (United Kingdom). There
he cultivated British mannerisms and he also spoke Oxford English.

During World War I, Prince Amedeo entered the Italian army. He fought
with the artillery. However in 1921 he left the army and traveled widely in
Africa.

On July 4th. 1931, by the death of his father, Prince Amedeo became
Duke of Aosta.

In 1932 he entered the Italian Air Forces and became a pilot.

When Italy declared war on the United Kingdom and France on
June 10th 1940, the Duke of Aosta became commander of the Italian
forces in what is known as the East African Campaign of World War II.

In 1941 the Italian forces were defeated by the British troups.
Prince Amedeo died on March 3rd.1942 in Nairobi (Kenya).


Prince Amedeo and his wife - Source picture: Wikipedia


Family

Prince Amedeo married on November 5th. 1927 Princess Anne of Orléans,
who was his first cousin. They had 2 daughters:

Princess Margherita, who married Robert, Archduke of Austria. They are
the parents of inter alia Archduke Lorenz, who married Princess Astrid of
Belgium.

Princess Maria Christina, who married Prince Casimir of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.
They also had children.

For me this was again an interesting piece of Italian history with another link
to the Belgian Royal family.