History - OnThisDay - January 14th. 1507 - Catherine of Austria, Queen of Portugal

January 14th. 1507 marks the birth of Catherine of Austria. This took place
in Torquemada, Spain.

Catherine with her brothers and sisters 
(she is the young lady at the right)

Family

Catherine of Austria was the daughter of Philip I of Castile, also called the
handsome, and Joanna of Castile (the mad).

Catherine was thus a sister of:
Eleanor of Castile, Queen of Portugal and later Queen of France;
Holy Roman Emperor Charles V;
Isabella, Queen of Denmark, Norway and Sweden;
Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I;
Mary Queen of Hungary and Bohemia (later governor of the Netherlands).



Love and Marriage

On February 10th. 1525, Catherine married her first cousin,
King John of Portugal.

They would have 9 children, however only 2 survived childhood.

Duty

Catherine served as regent for Portugal between 1557 and 1562.

She also had one of the earliest and finest Chinese Porcelain collections
in Europe. First she collected it as younger sister of Charles V, later
as Queen of Portugal.



Death

Catherine of Austria, Queen of Portugal died on February 12th. 1578
at the age of 71 in Lisbon.



Source pictures: Wikipedia

History OnThisDay - January 10th. 1864 - Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia

January 10th. 1864 marks the birth of Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich
of Russia.



Family

Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia was a son of Grand Duke
Nikolaievich the Elder and Duchess Alexandra of Oldenburg.

He was a grandson of Tsar Nicholas I and thus a member of the Russian
imperial family.

Love and Marriage

On July 26th. 1889 he married Princess Milica of Montenegro.
They had 4 children.

His elder brother, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich married
Princess Anastasia of Montenegro (Milica's sister).

The two couples had a huge influence on the imperial court.
The women were called the 'Black Perils'.

After the Russian Revolution in 1917, the couple fled from Russia and
they moved to the South of France.

Death

Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia died at Cap d'Antibes
on June 17th. 1931.


Source picture: Wikipedia

History - OnThisDay - January 5th. 1477 - The Battle of Nancy

On January 5th. 1477 the final battle of the Burgundian Wars took
place outside the walls of Nancy (located in France).



It was there that Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy fought
against René II, Duke of Lorraine and the Swiss Confederacy.

In 1477, Charles was besieging the city of Nancy (the capital of
Lorraine). He wanted to bring the siege to an end at all costs.

René had gathered around 12.000 men from Lorraine and the
Lower Union of the Rhine. A Swiss Army of 10.000 men arrived
to help him.



They reached Nancy in the morning of January 5th. and Charles
learned that his opponents were too strong. The Duke was seen
to fall but the battle flowed on around him. Three days later the
Duke's body was finally found.

Charles the Bold was succeeded by his daughter Mary, who
inherited a lot of troubles in the lands of her father.


Source pictures: Wikipedia