Happy Weekend Picture - Stausee at Kaprun in Austria

My Happy Weekend picture was taken near the Stausee
at Kaprun in Austria.

own picture

Unfortunately this beautiful place has not a happy history at all.

Kaprun started well as a settlement in the Duchy of Bavaria. Later it was
acquired by the Prince-Archbishops of Salzburg.
But in the late 1920's there were plans to make a hydroelectricity power
plant, including 2 reservoirs. 

The works started at the beginning of World War II (after the
anschluss from Austria with nazi Germany). The construction was made
by war prisoners and other victims.

Their inhumane conditions were published by the Austrian playwright and
novelist, Elfriede Jelinek in Das Werk (in English: the Work).

So, this was my 'Happy' Weekend picture. I hope you enjoyed the picture
and the story. I wish you all a very nice weekend!

Today in History - November 21st. 1840 - Birth of Victoria, Princess Royal

Descendants of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and her husband, 
Prince Albert, always interested me a lot. November 21st. 1840 is therefore
an important day. Their eldest child was born: 

Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa.

In 1841 she received the title: Princes Royal. In the family she was known
as Vicky.

Prince Albert and his eldest daughter - Source picture: Wikipedia

The education of Victoria was closely followed by her parents. She became
very intelligent, unlike her brother. At the age of five, Victoria was taught to
read and write by her governess. The little princes also spoke French with her
French nursery maid.

On January 25th. 1858 the Princess Royal married
Prince Frederick William of Prussia. 
Their marriage was both a love match and a dynastic alliance.
They had 8 children.

On March 9th. 1888 Victoria became The German Empress and Queen
of Prussia. Unfortunately her husband died after reigning 99 days.

As widow, Victoria lived in Castle Friedrichshof but in Berlin, she
established schools for higher education of girls and for nurses' training.

Victoria kept close to her brother, the future King Edward VII of the 
United Kingdom and to other members of the British Royal family 

On August 5th. 1801 she died due to breast cancer. Victoria was buried
at the Friedenskirche in Postdam.

Today in History - November 20th. 1805 - Fidelio, an opera made by Ludwig van Beethoven

November 20th. 1805 marks an important moment in the history of opera.
On that day Fidelio was first performed at the Theater an der Wien in Vienna

Fidelio - Source picture: Wikipedia

Fidelio went to several versions before achieving full success. This was
hindered by the fact that Vienna was under French military occupation.
Most of the audience were French military officers. 

In 1814 (see the picture) van Beethoven revised his opera again. The new
performance took place on May 23rd. 1814 with in the audience a young
Franz Schubert. 

The opera tells the story of Leonore, disguised as prison guard 'Fidelio',
saved her husband from death in a political prison.

On next youtube link, you can listen to the overture. 

Today in History - November 19th. 1597 - Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate

November 19th. 1597 marks the birth of a very noble girl, called
Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate.

Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate - Source picture: Wikipedia

She was the daughter of Frederick IV, Elector Palatine and 
Louise Juliana of Orange-Nassau. Her brother Frederick became famous
as Winter King of Bohemia.

In 1616 a marriage was arranged to unite two Protestant dynasties.
Elizabeth Charlotte married George William, Elector of Brandenburg.
They had 3 children, two daughters and a son.

Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate died on April 26th. 1660 at the
age of 62 in Crossen (now located in Poland).

Treetuesday picture at Nymphenburg Palace Park in Munich (Germany)

My Tree Tuesday picture was taken this year at the Nymphenburg Palace Park
in Munich (Germany).

Tree Tuesday - Munich - Germany - own picture

Around 1800, Bavarian Elector Maximilian IV commissioned he reshaping of
the landscape of Nymphenburg. This works took place between 1804 and 1823.

Canals, Water basins and other areas were replaced with natural-looking design
I liked this little town near the canal the most.

You can see another picture and blogpost about Nymphenburg Palace Park on
next link .

With this I'll end my Treetuesday post and I'd like to wish you all a good Tuesday.