Today in History - June 30th. 1538 - Charles II, Duke of Guelders

Charles of Egmond was born on November 9th. 1467 in the Netherlands
as the son of Adolf of Egmond and Catherine of Bourbon.

Charles of Egmond - Source picture: Wikipedia

His Family

The House of Egmond (also written Egmont) was named after the Dutch
town Egmond which was located in North Holland.
It played a very important role during
the Middle Ages.

This family gained a lot of importance during the Burgundian era and
the era of the Habsburg.

Did you know that the first wife of William the Silent was Anna van

Interesting Facts

Charles was raised at the Burgundian court of Charles the Bold, who had
bought the Duchy of Guelders from Adolf of Egmond in 1473.

Later Charles fought several battles against King Charles VIII of France,
till he was taken captive during the battle of Béthune in 1487.

Then a huge twist broke out between King Maximilian of Habsburg
and the French King and Charles played a role in it.

First the citizens of Guelders (one of the lands that Emperor Maximilian
of Habsburg had gained) chosed Charles as their Duke. This received the
support of the French King.

But then Charles was taken captive again, this time by
Philippe the Handsome, the son of Emperor Maximilian of Habsburg.

Charles accompanied Philippe the Handsome by his coronation in
Antwerp. Then Charles could escape. In 1513 he could take control of
the Duchy of Guelders. And his conflict against the Habsburgs

Between these things Charles married in 1519 a young girl:
Duchess Elisabeth of Brunswick-Lüneburg

In the Treaty of Gorinchem (1528), Emperor Charles, son of
Philippe the Handsome recognized Charles of Egmond as
Duke of Guelders.

In 1536 there was peace between the Duchy of Guelders and

Charles died on June 30th. 1538 in Arnhem (now located in the
Eastern part of the Netherlands).

Today in History - June 29th. 1136 - Petronilla of Aragon

It is sure that Petronilla of Aragon was born in 1136 but her date of birth was
different in a few sources. There is a doubt between June 29th and August 11th.

Petronilla of Aragon - Source picture: Wikipedia

The Kingdom of Aragon was a medieval and early modern Kingdom, 
corresponding with the modern-day autonomous province of Aragon 
in Spain. 

When Alfonso I, King of Navarre, died without an heir in 1134, 
he left the crown to the 3 religious military orders. 

This will was not respected and the aristocracy of Navarre elected a king of
their own, and restored their independence. The nobility of Aragon raised
Ramiro (brother of Alfonso I) to the throne.

King Ramiro married Agnes of Aquitaine in 1135 and their only child was
born the next year. Her marriage became a very important matter of state.

On 11th August 1137 Petronilla was betrothed to Raymond Berengar IV,
Count of Barcelona. She was only one year old and he was twenty three
years older.

On November 13th. 1137, King Ramiro abdicated and transferred the
authority to Raymond and he returned to monastic life. Raymond ruled
the Kingdom and he used the title Prince of the Aragonese.

In August 1150, when Petronilla was 14! the betrothal was ratified at
a wedding ceremony. This really was a dynastic union!
The couple would have 5 children.

In 1162 her husband died and Petronilla received the wealthy
County of Besalú and the Vall de Ribes for life.

On July 18th. 1164 her eldest son became 7 years old. Petronilla abdicated
the throne of Aragon and passed it to him.

Petronilla died in Barcelona in October 15th. 1173 at the age of 37.
She was buried at the Barcelona Cathedral but her tomb has been lost.

My Happy Weekend Picture - A sunny Saturday in Ostend

It is no secret that I really love Ostend, that amazing town near the North Sea.
I like to visit it for walking on the dike, shopping, visiting exhibitions or
just relaxing.

 Ostend view at the Sea

At the picture you can see the dike, the beach and the sea, seen from the
Royal Galleries, which are a neoclassical arcade. These Galleries were
built between 1902 and 1906 according to the plans of architect
Charles Girault on the orders of King Leopold II of Belgium.

Ostend was often visited by famous writers. In 1837 Victor Hugo 
mentioned the city, but he didn't really like it. He made his 
complaints that there weren't no oysters.

In 1902 Ostend was visited by the famous Austrian author 
Stefan Zweig. He wrote about it in the book: 
Die Weite Welt/ Vom Fels zum Meer

I noticed only authors in this blogpost but did you know that
even Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom visited Ostend
inter alia on September 15th. 1843?

With this picture I wish you all a very happy,sunny weekend and
an amazing start of the brand new week!

I'd like to thank you for reading this blog, liking my posts, your nice
comments and the reshares on Google+ as well as on Twitter!

Today in History / OnThisDay - June 26th. 1681 - Hedvig Sophia of Sweden

Princess Hedvig Sophia Augusta of Sweden was born on June 26th. 1681 at the
Three Crowns Castle in Stockholm as the eldest child of King Charles XI of
Sweden and Ulrike Eleonora of Denmark.

Princess Hedvig Sophia of Sweden - Source picture: Wikipedia

However she was born at the Three Crowns Castle in Stockholm, Princess Hedvig
spent a lot of her childhood at Karlberg Palace. After the death of her mother in
1693 she was placed under the custody of her grandmother Hedvig Eleonora of
Holstein-Gottorp. Princess Hedvig Sophia also was taken care by
Juliana Schierberg, who became her confidante.

Princess Hedvig Sophia was described in the history books as beautiful
and she studied very well. She also liked painting and singing.
People called her the "Happy Princess".

On May 12th. 1698 Princess Hedwig Sophia married her cousin,
Frederick IV, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp. This marriage took place against
her will and it became not happy at all. She even didn't like the life of her
husband before their marriage...

They would have one son called: Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp,
who married later Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna of Russia.

In 1698 Princess Hedvig Sophia stayed in Gottorp-Holstein for almost a year,
while her husband visited his lovers in Hamburg and she had to return to
Sweden, there she had a lot of political influence at the court of her brother.

On October 18th. 1702 Princess Hedvig Sophia became a widow, and the
regent of her minor son for the Duchy of Gottorp-Holstein. However, she
stayed in Sweden. Princess Hedvig Sophia left the daily affairs of the duchy
over to an uncle of her husband: Christian August of Gottorp-Holstein, but
the important things were always confirmed by her.

As a widow she was often the object of marriage plans, among the candidates
were the Prince of Hanover (the later King George II of the United Kingdom).
She refused to marry again, instead she started a relation with a young courtier
called count Olof Gyllenborg. This relation was known by the public, although
disliked by her grandmother.

Princess Hedvig Sophia died on December 22nd. 1708 at the age of 22 in
Stockholm, Sweden.

She was inter alia the grandmother of Tsar Peter III of Russia.