Today in History - August 1st. 1713 - Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

August 1st. 1713 marks the birth of Charles (in German: Karl) of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.


Charles of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel - Source picture: Wikipedia

Charles distinguished himself in the army when he fought under Prince Eugene of Savoy
against the Ottoman Empire.

In 1733 Charles married Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia (daughter of
Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover). 

In 1735 he inherited the Principality of Wolfenbüttel (capital Brunswick) from his father. 
This is now located in the state Lower Saxony in the north of Germany.

Charles founded the Collegium Carolinum which is known today as the
Technical University of Brunswick. He also established the 
Fürstenberg Porcelain Company. 

The ruler of Brunswick only had one problem: he did not manage to keep 
the state finance under control. At the end Charles's eldest son 
Charles William Ferdinand took over the government.

This ruler died on March 26th. 1780.