Charles I of Hesse-Kassel
He was the second son of William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and
Hedwig Sophia of Brandenburg.
In 1670 Charles I succeeded his elder brother, William VII, as
Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel. William VII died shortly after he reached
adulthood and before he had the chance to change the administration.
On May 21st. 1673 Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel married his first
cousin, Maria Amalia of Courland (daughter of Jacob Kettler,
Duke of Courland). They would have 17 children, 14 of them lived long
enough to have names.
He had a big army who was in service during the
War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1714).
On March 23rd. 1730 Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel died. He was
succeeded by his eldest son Frederick who was then already King of Sweden.