Today in History / On This Day - September 30th. 1938 - The Munich Agreement

On September 30th. 1938 the Munich Agreement was signed between
France, United Kingdom, Italy and Nazi Germany. However the document
dated September 29th. 1938.

This agreement was made during a conference in Munich. It allowed
Nazi Germany the annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia then called

The Sudetenland was a part of Czechoslovakia where the majority of
the people was German.

Besides the Sudetenland, Nazi Germany annexed Austria too in 1938.
It was called the Anschluss.

The Munich Agreement had to guarantee the peace.
Even Premier Chamberlain of the United Kingdom claimed during a speech
about the agreement: 'Peace for our time'.

However Winston Churchill foresaw some troubles. He called the
agreement "a total unmitigated defeat".

He also quoted:

"And do not suppose that this is the end. This is only the beginning of
the reckoning. This is only the first sip, the first foretaste of a bitter cup
which will be proffered to us year by year unless by a supreme recovery 
of moral health and martial vigour, we rise again and take our stand for
freedom. "

One year later, in 1939, Nazi Germany annexed Poland, which led to
World War II.

Stamp source: Wikipedia