Today in History - On This Day - March 11th. 1779 - Philip, Landgrave of Hesse - Homburg

Philip August Frederick was born on March 11th. 1779 in Homburg, now located
in Germany.


His parents were Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg and
Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt.


In 1794 Philip entered the Hesse-Darmstadt brigade, which was stationed in
The Netherlands. He had the rank of captain. Philip was taken captive by the
French, however his family bought his freedom back.

In 1796 Philip joined the Austrian Army. He fought in several battles and
he received the Military Order of Maria Theresa.

In 1818 and 1820 Philip traveled to Russia and England to carry out diplomatic

In 1829, England proposed to make Philip King of the new independent country:
Greece. But Russia rejected this proposal. Instead Otto I became the first modern
King of Greece (1832).

In 1838, Philip married morganatically with Rosalie Antonie. She received the
title Countess by marriage. However Philip's family rejected her because she
wasn't born in the highest nobility.

In 1839 Philip inherited Hesse-Domburg from his elder brother. In 1840 Philip
was appointed as Governor of Mainz so he left the government of his principality
to his younger brother Gustav.

In 1846 Philip was promoted to Field Marshal. This was the highest military rank
ever achieved by members of the House of Hesse.


On December 15st. 1846 Philip, Landgrave of Hesse-Domburg died. He was
buried in the Crypt of Bad Homburg Castle.

Source picture: Wikipedia

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