History - OnThisDay - December 15th. 1598 - Philips of Marnix, Lord of Saint-Aldegonde

Philips of Marnix, Lord of St. Aldegonde
Statue at the Sablon in Brussels
own picture taken in 2017
Who wrote the Dutch National Anthem 'Wilhelmus'?
Well Philips of Marnix, Lord of Saint-Aldegonde, Lord of West-Souburg,
was a possible author.


Marnix of St. Aldegonde was born in 1540 at Brussels as a son of
Jacob of Marnix, baron of Pottes.

Reformation and the Compromise of the Nobles

He studied theology under Jon Calvin and Theodore Beza at Geneva.
When he returned to the Netherlands in 1560 he turned himself into
the cause of the Reformation and he took an active part in the
compromise of the Nobles in 1565.


- 1570 he was taken into the service of William, Prince of Orange.

-1572 he was sent as his representative to a meeting of the
States-General at Dordrecht.

-1573, he was taken prisoner by the Spanish Rulers, however the
next year he was exchanged.

Later he was sent as the representative of the insurgent provinces to
Paris and London.

-1578 he was at the Diet of Worms

- 1583: he became burgomaster of Antwerp

Later he exiled in Friesland, Leiden and Zeeland.

Literary work

The best known of his work is the Roman Bee-hive published in 1569,
this was a bitter satire on the faith and practices of the
Roman Catholic Church.

Philips of Marnix, Lord of Saint-Aldegonde also worked as a
cryptographer. He broke codes for William the Silent.


Philips of Marnix died on December 15th. 1598 in Leiden (now
located in the Netherlands).

Source pictures: Wikipedia

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