After the February Revolution of 1917, Tsar Nicolas II of Russia was forced
to abdicate. This took place on March 15th. 1917.
First he abdicated in favor of his son Alexei. However doctors
advised him that Alexei wouldn't live long separated from his parents.
Then the Tsar drew up a new manifesto to his brother Grand Duke Michael as
the next Emperor of all Russians.
However, Grand Duke Michael declined to accept the throne until people were
allowed to vote through a Constituent Assembly for the continuance of the
Due to the abdication of the Tsar, 3 centuries of Romanov's dynasty came
to an end. The Tsar 's abdication caused a lot of emotions like:
delight, relief, fear and most of all a lot of confusion.
This issued Tsar Nicolas II at his abdication:
in the days of the great struggle against the foreign enemies
who for nearly three years have tried to enslave our fatherland
the Lord God has been pleased to send down on Russia a new
heavy trial. Internal popular disturbance threaten to heave a disastrous
effect on the future conduct of this persistent war.
The destiny of Russia, the honor of our heroic army, the welfare
of the people and the whole future of our dear fatherland
demand that the war should be brought to a victorious conclusion
whatever the cost. the cruel enemy is making his last efforts, and
already the hour approaches when our glorious army together with
our gallant allies will crush him.
In these decisive days in the life of Russia,
We thought it Our duty of conscience to facilitate for Our people
the closest union possible and a consolidation of all national forces
for the speedy attainment of victory.
In agreement with the Imperial Duma We have thought it well to
renounce the Throne of the Russian Empire and to lay down the
As We do not wish to part from Our beloved son, We transmit the
succession to Our brother, the Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich,
and give Him Our blessing to mount the Throne of the Russian
We direct Our brother to conduct the affairs of state in full and
inviolable union with the representatives of the people in the
legislative bodies on those principles which will be
established by them and on which He will take an
In the name of Our dearly beloved homeland,
We call on Our faithful sons of the fatherland to fulfill
their sacred duty to the fatherland, to obey the Tsar in the
heavy moment of national trials, and to help Him,
together with the representatives of the people,
to guide the Russian Empire on the road to victory,
welfare and glory. May the Lord God help Russia!
See also the page:
Russia - House of Romanov 1917 - now on top of my blog
or on next link.
More about Grand Duke Michael of Russia @ the page:
Russia - House of Romanov - 1762 - 1917 on top of my blog
or on next link.
Source pictures: Wikipedia
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