Mahmud I was born on 2 August 1696 at the Edirne Palace in Edirne,
then a part of the Ottoman Empire, now located in north western
He was the son of Mustafa II and Saliha Sabkati Valide Sultan.
Mahmud I was the older brother of Osman III.
In September 1730, a small group of Janissaries aroused some of
the citizens of Constantinople who opposed the reforms of
There was a riot at the Topkapi Palace and Ahmet III agreed that his
nephew Mahmud would become the new sultan.
Mahmud I was recognized as sultan by the mutineers and by the
court officials as well.
Mahmud I reigned from 1730 till his death in 1754. This period
was dominated by wars with Persia, Austria and Russia.
Mahmud I entrusted the government to his viziers and spent much
of his time composing poetry.
Mahmud I died on 13 December 1754 at the Topkapi Palace in
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