Royal History of France

Versailles, France, entrance gate for the royals - taken in 2017


Although now France is a Republic, the country has a large Royal History.
It is a lack on this blog, that I've never made a page about that brilliant topic.

Cependant La France est aujourd'hui une république, le pays dispose
d'une grande histoire. Il y a un manque sur ce blog, que je n'ai jamais
fait une page sur ce sujet brillant.


Royal History of France

In 843 the Treaty of Verdun was signed. Then the Carolingian Empire was
divided in three parts. Charles II the Bald, a son of Louis the Pious and a
grandson of Charlemagne, recieved West Francia, which later became the
Kingdom of France. 



Charles II the Bald





Charles II, the Bald married twice:

1/ Ermentrude of Orléans, daughter of Count Odo of Orléans. She
had around 10 children.

2/ Richilde of Provence. They had 5 children. 



Louis II the Stammerer


Louis II the Stammerer was the son of Charles II the Bald and 
Ermentrude of Orléans.

He married twice:

1/ Ansgarde of Burgundi

2/ Adelaide of Paris

Louis III


Louis III of France was the son of Louis the Stammerer and 
Ansarde of Burgundy. He also was the 33rd. great grand uncle of
Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. 

Louis III of France didn't married and he hadn't any children.
So, he was succeeded by his borther Carloman II. 

Carloman II

Charles III the fat




Odo of Paris




Charles III the Simple




Robert I

Rudolph




Louis IV



Lothair





Louis V




Hugh Capet







Robert II, the Pious




Henry I





Philip I the Amorous




Louis VI the fat




Louis VII the Young





Philip II Augustus




Louis VIII the Lion




Louis IX the Saint






Philip III the Bold




Philip IV the Fair





Louis X the Quarreler





Philip V the Tall




He died on 3 January 1322. More about him on this link

Charles IV the Fair




Philip VI the Fortunat





John II the Good




More about King John II of France on this link . 

Charles V the Wise




Charles VI the Beloved
also called the Mad




Charles VII the Victorious




Louis XI the Prudent,
the Universal Spider




Charles VIII the Affable




More about King Charles VIII on this link .
He was married to Anne of Brittany more on this link


Anne of Brittany statue at the Jardin du Luxembourg in Paris


Louis XII
Father of the People




Francis I


File:Joos van Cleve - Portrait of Francis I, King of France (ca. 1532-1533) - Google Art Project.jpg


Married

1/ Claude, Duchess of Brittany





2/ Eleonor of Austria

File:Joos van Cleve 003.jpg

Eleanor of Austria was the daughter of Philip The Handsome
and Johanna of Castille

She married first King Miguel I of Portugal. After Eleanor became 
a widow, she married with King Francis I of France.

Francis I was a patron of art. He introduced the French 
Renaissance.


He invited many Italian artists to his Chambord Castle.
One of the most famous guests was Leonardo Da Vinci.



François I était le patron d'art. Il a introduit la Renaissance 
Française. Il a invité des nombreux artists Italien à Chambord.
L'un des plus célèbres artists était Leonardo Da Vinci.




Henry II




File:Henry II of France..jpg


Source picture: Wikipedia



Married:

Catharina de Medici

File:KatharinavonMedici.jpg

Source picture: Wikipedia

She was born in Florence (Italy).

Quotes: Not one of us is innocent. We all have sins to confess.




Diane de Poitiers - Source picture: Wikipedia 


More about the André Thévet, the chaplain of Catherine de' Medici,
check this link.

Francis II

Charles IX




File:CharlesIX.jpg


Source picture: Wikipedia

married

Elisabeth of Austria

File:Elizabeth d Autriche by Francois Clouet 1510 1572.jpg

Source picture: Wikipedia

She was the daughter of Maximilian II of Austria and Maria of Spain
(See on my blog on the page House of Habsburg).



HENRI  III


Source picture: Wikipedia

He married Louise de Lorraine




















Source picture: Wikipedia

HENRI  IV



 

Source picture: Wikipedia





He married 

1/ Margaret of France

 

Source picture: Wikipedia

2/ Maria de' Medici

 

Source picture: Wikipedia


LOUIS XIII


 

Source picture: Wikipedia

He married Anne of Austria

 

Source picture: Wikipedia


The Style of Louis XIII was influenced by Flemish, 
Dutch and Italian Baroque.

Le Style de Louis XIII a été influencé par Baroque Flamande, 
Hollandaise et Italienne.

Louis XIII at Place des Vogues in Paris taken in 2017




LOUIS XIV


 

Source picture: Wikipedia


Hotel Negresco in Nice, France

He married Maria Theresa of Spain 

 

Source picture: Wikipedia

Under Louis XIV the furniture style became more and more luxurious. 
Sous Louis XIV le style de mobilier est devenu de plus en plus luxueux.

 

Source picture: Wikipedia




Old image of the Palace of Versailles
Source picture: Wikipedia

Own picture of Versailles taken in 2017 taken from the garden



Books about King Louis XIV



Bookreview on this link
More about King Louis XIV of France on this link




LOUIS XV






He married Marie Leszczynska (she was the daughter of at that time, 
king of Poland)

 

Source picture: Wikipedia


Furniture Style - Style de Meubles

The Louis XV style was the French Rococo. 
Le Style de Louis XV était Rococo.


 

Source picture: Wikipedia


LOUIS XVI

 

Source picture: Wikipedia

He married Marie-Antoinette of Austria

 

Source picture: Wikipedia


Bookreview about Queen Marie Antoinette written by Antonia Fraser
on this link .

There is a style of Furniture called Louis XVI.
Typical for that style is the return of Classicism.



They had 4 children:

* Marie-Thérèse  of France, blog post on this link
* Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France, died at the age of 7
* Louis XVII of France, died at the age of 10
* Sophie Hélène Beatrix of France, died when she was 11 months old. 

Louis XVII



Napoleon I


More about the 'Travels' of Napoleon Bonaparte on this link.

Napoleon I statue taken in Versailles



Louis XVIII



Napoleon I



Napoleon II




Louis XVIII




Charles X




Louis Philippe I
The Citizen King




Napoleon III








own pictures
or found on Wikipedia.

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